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Biles v. United States

March 8, 2007

DAVID W. BILES
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA



The opinion of the court was delivered by: R. Allan Edgar United States District Judge

MEMORANDUM

David W. Biles ("Biles") has filed a pro se motion for post-conviction relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 [Court File No. 21] .*fn1 Biles pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base in violation of U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) and (b)(1)(A). Biles contends his sentence should be vacated and set aside because he received ineffective assistance of counsel.

Pursuant to the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"), there is a one-year statute of limitation for filing a § 2255 motion. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Biles was sentenced to a term of life imprisonment on May 12, 2003, upon a plea of guilty to one count of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base. Biles' judgment was entered on May 19, 2003, and he had ten (10) days, until May 29, 2003, to file a notice of appeal. Biles did not pursue a direct appeal. When a § 2255 movant does not pursue a direct appeal to the court of appeals, his conviction becomes final on the date on which the time for filing such appeal expired. Sanchez-Castellano v. United States, 358 F.3d 424, 425 (6th Cir. 2004). Therefore, the one-year statute of limitations began to run on May 29, 2003.

Biles had one year from the time his judgment of conviction became final to file his § 2255 motion. May 29, 2003, was the date Biles' right to file an appeal expired. Thus, Biles was required to file his § 2255 motion by May 28, 2004. A motion filed by a prisoner is deemed filed when given to the prison authorities for mailing. In re Sims, 111 F.3d 45, 47 (6th Cir. 1997), citing Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266, 270-71 (1988); See Rule 4(c) FED. R. APP. PROC. The motion and envelope reveals Biles placed the motion in the prison mailing system on February 8, 2007. Therefore, the Court treats the motion as being filed on February 8, 2007. However, February 8, 2007, is well after May 28, 2004, the expiration of the one-year statute of limitation for filing his § 2255 motion. Consequently, Biles motion is untimely.

Accordingly, Biles § 2255 motion is time-barred by the statute of limitations and will be DISMISSED [Court File No. 1].*fn2

An appropriate judgment ...


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