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Harris v. Metro-Davidson County Detention Facility

United States District Court, M.D. Tennessee, Nashville Division

October 29, 2014

VAUGHN HARRIS, Plaintiff,
v.
METRO-DAVIDSON COUNTY DETENTION FACILITY, et al., Defendants.

MEMORANDUM

ALETA A. TRAUGER, District Judge.

The plaintiff, an inmate at the Davidson County Sheriff's Office in Nashville, Tennessee, brings this pro se action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the Metro-Davidson County Detention Facility (MDCDF), Corrections Corporation of America, and 27 individuals (25 named, and 2 unnamed John or Jane Does), alleging a host of civil rights violations at MDCDF. (Docket No. 1). The complaint seeks damages, entry of a declaratory judgment, issuance of an injunction, and expungement of the plaintiff's institutional disciplinary record. ( Id. at pp. 5I-5J).

The plaintiff's complaint is before the court for an initial review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2) and 1915A(a).

I. PLRA Screening Standard

Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), the court must dismiss any portion of a civil complaint filed in forma pauperis that fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, is frivolous, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. Section 1915A similarly requires initial review of any "complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner seeks redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity, " id. § 1915A(a), and summary dismissal of the complaint on the same grounds as those articulated in § 1915(e)(2)(B) . Id. § 1915A(b).

The Sixth Circuit has confirmed that the dismissal standard articulated by the Supreme Court in Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009), and Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007), "governs dismissals for failure to state a claim under those statutes because the relevant statutory language tracks the language in Rule 12(b)(6)." Hill v. Lappin, 630 F.3d 468, 470-71 (6th Cir. 2010). Thus, to survive scrutiny on initial review, "a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570). "A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Id. (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556). "[A] district court must (1) view the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff and (2) take all well-pleaded factual allegations as true." Tackett v. M & G Polymers, USA, LLC, 561F.3d 478, 488 (6th Cir. 2009) (citing Gunasekera v. Irwin, 551 F.3d 461, 466 (6th Cir. 2009) (citations omitted)).

Although pro se pleadings are to be held to a less stringent standard than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers, Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Jourdan v. Jabe, 951 F.2d 108, 110 (6th Cir. 1991), the courts' "duty to be less stringent' with pro se complaints does not require us to conjure up [unpleaded] allegations." McDonald v. Hall, 610 F.2d 16, 19 (1st Cir. 1979) (citation omitted).

II. PLRA Screening

The plaintiff seeks relief pursuant to § 1983. To state a claim under § 1983, the plaintiff must allege and show: (1) that he was deprived of a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States; and (2) that the deprivation was caused by a person acting under color of state law. Parratt v. Taylor, 451 U.S. 527, 535 (1981)(overruled in part by Daniels v. Williams, 474 U.S. 327, 330 (1986)); Flagg Bros. v. Brooks, 436 U.S. 149, 155-56 (1978); Black v. Barberton Citizens Hosp., 134 F.3d 1265, 1267 (6th Cir. 1998). Both parts of this two-part test must be satisfied to support a claim under § 1983. See Christy v. Randlett, 932 F.2d 502, 504 (6th Cir. 1991).

Here, the plaintiff's lengthy complaint sets forth a number of alleged violations of his constitutional and civil rights. The complaint alleges that, while incarcerated at the MDCDF, the plaintiff has been denied access to a law library five days a week, has been the victim of excessive force and retaliatory actions at the hands of correctional officers on multiple occasions, has been segregated from the general population unjustly, and has been denied his due process rights, along with a host of other claims. (Docket No. 1).

A. Claims against MDCDF

First, the plaintiff's complaint names as a defendant the Metro-Davidson County Detention Facility. However, MDCDF, like any other jail or workhouse, is not a "person" that can be sued under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Cf. Fuller v. Cocran, No. 1:05-CV-76, 2005 WL 1802415, at *3 (E.D. Tenn. July 27, 2005) (dismissing § 1983 claims against the Bradley County Justice Center on the same basis); Seals v. Grainger County Jail, No. 3:04CV606, 2005 WL 1076326, at *1 (E.D. Tenn. May 6, 2005) ("The Grainger County Jail, however, is not a suable entity within the meaning of § 1983."). Thus, the complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted against MDCDF.

B. Official capacity claims for monetary damages

The plaintiff's claims for monetary damages against the individual defendants in their official capacities are barred by the Eleventh Amendment. ...


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