United States District Court, E.D. Tennessee, Knoxville
February 19, 2015
BRIAN E. DESKINS, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
H. BRUCE GUYTON, Magistrate Judge.
This case is before the undersigned pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Rule 72(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure for a report and recommendation regarding disposition of Plaintiff's Application for Attorney Fees Under the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"). [Doc. 21]; see 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). Plaintiff moves the Court to enter an order awarding attorney fees in the amount of $4, 617.00 and $419.08 in costs and expenses under the EAJA. [Doc. 21; 21-1]. The Commissioner filed a Response [Doc. 22] offering no objection to Plaintiff's request for attorney fees.
On October 19, 2014, Plaintiff filed a Motion for Summary Judgment and Memorandum in Support [Docs. 13 & 14]. On December 16, 2014, the Defendant filed a Joint Motion for Entry of Judgment with Remand under Sentence Four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) [Doc. 18]. In light of this Motion, United States Chief District Judge Thomas A. Varlan entered an Order of Remand and Judgment [Docs. 19 & 20] on January 8, 2015.
Now before the Court is Plaintiff's request for attorney's fees under the EAJA. Four conditions must be met before fees will be awarded under the EAJA:
1. Plaintiff must be a prevailing party;
2. The Commissioner's position must be without substantial justification;
3. No special circumstances warranting denial of fees may exist; and
4. The application for attorney fees must be filed within 30 days of the final judgment in the action.
See 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1). The Court will first address whether all four conditions are met for an EAJA award, and then analyze whether the requested EAJA award is reasonable.
A. Plaintiff is the Prevailing Party
In this case, Plaintiff obtained a "sentence four" remand, which, for purposes of EAJA fees, renders him a "prevailing party." See Melkonyan v. Sullivan , 501 U.S. 89 (1991).
Thus, the Court finds the first condition for granting fees under the EAJA has been met.
B. The Commissioner's Position Was Without Substantial Justification
To satisfy the "substantial justification" requirement the Commissioner's position must be justified, "both in fact and in law, to a degree that could satisfy a reasonable person." Jankovich v. Bowen , 868 F.2d 867, 869 (6th Cir. 1989). In this case, the Commissioner has stated that she does not oppose an award for EAJA attorney fees. [Doc. 22]. The Commissioner has thereby conceded that her position in this matter was not substantially justified.
Thus, the Court finds that the second condition for granting fees under the EAJA has been met.
C. There are No Special Circumstances Affecting an Award of Attorney's Fees
The Court is not aware of, and has not been cited to, any "special circumstances" that would otherwise make an award of attorney fees unjust.
Thus, the Court finds that the third condition for granting fees under the EAJA has been met.
D. The Plaintiff's Request for an Award of Fees is Timely
On February 5, 2015, Plaintiff moved for a total fee amount of $4, 617.00 and $419.08 in costs and expenses. [Doc. 21; 21-1]. This motion included a proper application for fees and was filed within 30 days of the final judgment in this matter. See Shalala v. Schaefer , 509 U.S. 292, 302 (1993) ("An EAJA application may be filed until 30 days after a judgment becomes not appealable'... in a civil case to which a federal officer is a party, the time for appeal does not end until 60 days after entry of judgment[.]'" (quoting Fed. Rules App. Proc. 4(a)(1) & (7)).
Thus, the Court finds that the fourth condition for granting fees under the EAJA has been met.
E. The Court Finds that the Fees Requested Are Reasonable
Further, the Commissioner has no opposition to Plaintiff's request for attorney fees and reimbursement for costs and expenses, and she has conceded that the Plaintiff is entitled to $4, 617.00 in attorney fees and $419.08 in costs and expenses.
The Court has considered the amount requested, and the Court finds that the fees requested are reasonable.
Based upon the foregoing, the Court finds that the Plaintiff's Motion [Doc. 21] is well-taken. It is hereby RECOMMENDED that Plaintiff's Application for Attorney Fees Under the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA") [Doc. 21] be GRANTED, and a judgment awarding Plaintiff the amount of $4, 617.00 for attorney fees and $419.08 for costs and expenses be entered.