United States District Court, W.D. Tennessee, Western Division
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO DISMISS
JON P. McCALLA, District Judge.
Before the court is Third-Party Defendant Care Rite, PLLC's Motion to Dismiss, filed January 19, 2015. (ECF No. 15.) For the reasons stated below, the Motion is DENIED.
A. Factual Background
This case concerns an injection of Deltalone - 40, which is alleged to have been contaminated with methicillin-susceptible staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). (Compl., ECF No. 1.) Plaintiff Denver Floyd Clem alleges that complications from the injection resulted in several invasive medical procedures and continuing damages. (Id. ¶¶ 17-23.). Care Rite, PLLC ("Care Rite") acknowledged during the Telephonic Scheduling Conference (ECF No. 17) that it administered the injection at its clinic in Ripley, Tennessee. Delta Pharma, Inc. ("Delta Pharma") admits that it synthesized the drug that was injected, but asserts that it was sterile at the time that it was shipped. (Answer, ECF No. 8.) Delta Pharma alleges that Third-Party Defendants are wholly liable for the injuries alleged by Plaintiffs, and that Delta Pharma is entitled to full indemnity for any judgment that may be rendered in favor of Plaintiffs. (3d Party Compl., ECF No. 9.)
B. Procedural Background
Plaintiffs filed their Complaint on September 4, 2014. (ECF No. 1.) Defendant Delta Pharma filed its Answer on November 25, 2014. (ECF No. 8.) Also on November 25, 2014, Delta Pharma filed its Third-Party Complaint against Care Rite and John and/or Jane Does 1-4. (ECF No. 9.)
As a responsive pleading to the Third-Party Complaint, Care Rite filed the Motion to Dismiss before the Court on January 19, 2015. (ECF No. 15.) Delta Pharma filed a response on January 30, 2015. (ECF No. 21.) Care Rite filed a reply on February 12, 2015. (ECF No. 25.)
II. Legal Standard
Under Rule 12(b)(6), a court can dismiss a complaint for "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6). "A pleading that states a claim for relief must contain... a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2).
In assessing a complaint for failure to state a claim, [a court] must construe the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, accept all well-pled factual allegations as true, and determine whether the complaint "contain[s] sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face."
Ouwinga v. Benistar 419 Plan Servs., Inc., 694 F.3d 783, 790 (6th Cir. 2012) (second alteration in original) (quoting Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009)). "This standard is not akin to a probability requirement, but it asks for more than a sheer possibility that defendant has acted unlawfully." Williams v. Duke Energy Int'l, 681 F.3d 788, 799 (6th Cir. 2012) (quoting Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678) (internal quotation marks omitted).
The Court, however, "need not accept as true legal conclusions or unwarranted factual inferences, and [c]onclusory allegations or legal conclusions masquerading as factual allegations will not suffice." In re Travel Agent Comm'n Antitrust Litig., 583 F.3d 896, 903 (6th Cir. 2009) (alteration in original) (citation omitted) (internal quotation marks omitted); see also Mik v. Fed. Home Loan Mortg. Corp., 743 F.3d 149, 157 (6th Cir. 2014) ("[A] complaint must contain more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do.'") (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007))). "Issues adverted to in a perfunctory manner, unaccompanied by some effort at developed argumentation, are deemed waived. It is not sufficient for a party to ...