Assigned on Briefs March 3, 2015
Mikel C. Hamrick, Henning, Tennessee, Pro Se.
Herbert H. Slatery III, Attorney General and Reporter; John H. Bledsoe, Senior Counsel; and Amy P. Weirich, District Attorney General, for the appellee, State of Tennessee.
Robert H. Montgomery, Jr., J., delivered the opinion of the court, in which Robert W. Wedemeyer and Timothy L. Easter, JJ., joined.
ROBERT H. MONTGOMERY, JR., JUDGE
In January 2010, the Defendant was indicted for three counts of aggravated burglary, one count of especially aggravated stalking, two counts of theft, and one count of domestic assault. Pursuant to the negotiated plea agreement, the Defendant pleaded guilty to one count each of aggravated burglary, especially aggravated stalking, theft, and domestic assault. The trial court sentenced the Defendant to concurrent terms of four years for aggravated burglary, four years for especially aggravated stalking, eleven months, twenty-nine days for theft, and eleven months, twenty-nine days for domestic assault. The court also ordered that the effective four-year sentence be served consecutively to the sentences imposed in two unrelated cases.
On May 6, 2014, the Defendant filed a motion to correct an illegal sentence relative to the aggravated burglary conviction. He contended that he was an owner of the habitation, that his conviction was not authorized by Tennessee statutes, and that his sentence was illegal. The trial court summarily denied the motion and found that the Defendant's allegations were "in the nature of ineffective assistance of counsel" and appropriate for post-conviction relief. The court noted that the sentence had expired and found that the Defendant's four-year sentence for aggravated burglary was not illegal.
On appeal, the Defendant contends that the trial court erred by denying his motion for a corrected sentence. He argues that his pleading "guilty to a sentence that was in direct contravention of the . . . applicable statute" resulted in a "nullity." He alleges that he was the owner of the habitation relevant to the aggravated burglary conviction and that his conviction contravenes the aggravated burglary statute.
Tennessee Criminal Procedure Rule 36.1 states, in relevant part, that
(a) Either the defendant or the state may, at any time, seek the correction of an illegal sentence by filing a motion to correct an illegal sentence in the trial court in which the judgment of conviction was entered. For purposes of this rule, an illegal sentence is one that is not authorized by the applicable statutes or that directly contravenes an applicable statute.
Tenn. R. Crim. P. 36.1(a). A defendant is entitled to a hearing and the appointment of counsel if the motion states a colorable claim for relief. Id. at 36.1(b). Further, the trial court is required to file an order denying the motion if it determines that the sentence is not illegal. Id. at 36.1(c)(1).
The record reflects that the Defendant's assertion that his sentence for aggravated burglary is illegal focuses on the factual basis supporting the conviction. In essence, he argues that because he possessed ownership rights in the home related to the aggravated burglary conviction, his sentence for that offense is illegal. See State v. Wade P. Tucker, No. M2001-02298-CCA-R3-CD, 2002 WL 1574998, at *9 (Tenn. Crim. App. July 17, 2002) (reversing a defendant's conviction for aggravated burglary and dismissing the charge when the facts established that the defendant was a joint proprietor of the habitation and was not restrained or enjoined from the premises), perm. app. denied (Tenn. Dec. 23, 2002). The Defendant has not asserted the four-year sentence is unauthorized by statute or directly contravenes any statute. As a result, the Defendant is challenging the sufficiency of the evidence to support his conviction for ...