United States District Court, M.D. Tennessee, Columbia Division
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
JOE B. BROWN, Magistrate Judge.
To: The Honorable William J. Haynes, Jr., Senior United States District Judge.
For the reasons explained below, the Magistrate Judge RECOMMENDS that: 1) Tennessee Department of Correction (TDOC) Assistant Commissioner Derrick Schofield's motion to dismiss (Doc. 111) be GRANTED; 2) plaintiff's motion to amend (Doc. 128) be DENIED; 3) plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction (Doc. 129) be DENIED; 4) this action be DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE for failure to state a claim on which relief may be granted under Rule 12(b)(6), Fed.R.Civ.P. and 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii); 5) acceptance and adoption of this Report and Recommendation (R&R) constitute the FINAL JUDGMENT in this action; 6) any appeal NOT be certified as taken in good faith pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3).
I. INTRODUCTION and BACKGROUND
Plaintiff, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, was a prisoner in the South Central Correctional Facility (SCCF) at the time he brought this action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against defendant Schofield and five others. (Doc. 1) Plaintiff has since been transferred from SCCF to the West Tennessee State Penitentiary (WTSP) (Doc. 72), and this action has been dismissed with prejudice against all of the defendants except defendant Schofield (Doc. 103).
Pending before the court are defendant Schofield's motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(1), Fed.R.Civ.P. for lack of subject matter jurisdiction (Doc. 111), plaintiff's motion to amend his complaint (Doc. 128), and plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction (Doc. 129). Plaintiff did not respond to defendant Schofield's motion to dismiss; however, defendant Schofield opposed plaintiff's motions to amend and for a preliminary injunction. (Docs. 133-34) This matter is now properly before the court.
A. Defendant Schofield's Motion to Dismiss
Defendant Schofield moves to dismiss this action for want of subject matter jurisdiction under Rule 12(b)(1). The Magistrate Judge disagrees that the court lacks subject matter jurisdiction and, as such, Rule 12(b)(1) is inapplicable. Based on the motion and supporting memorandum of law, the Magistrate Judge concludes that Rule 12(b)(6), Fed.R.Civ.P. applies instead.
An action brought in federal court may be dismissed for failure to state a claim on which relief may be granted. Rule 12(b)(6), Fed.R.Civ.P. In assessing a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), the court is required to construe the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, accept the plaintiff's factual allegations as true, and determine whether the complaint "contain[s] sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Heinrich v. Waiting Angels Adoption Services, Inc., 668 F.3d 393, 403 (6th Cir. 2012)(quoting Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 663 (2009)). A motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6) "should not be granted unless it appears beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle him to relief.'" Dubay v. Wells, 506 F.3d 422, 427 (6th Cir. 2007)(quoting Ricco v. Potter, 377 F.3d 599, 602 (6th Cir. 2004)(internal quotation and citation omitted)). Review under Rule 12(b)(6) is limited to the pleadings. See Tellabs, Inc. v. Makor Issues & rights, Ltd., 551 U.S. 308, 322-23 (2007); see also Buck v. Thomas M. Cooley Law School, 597 F.3d 812, 816 (6th Cir. 2010).
The record shows that plaintiff sued defendant Schofield for acts and/or omissions that allegedly occurred at SCCF, but only in his official capacity. (Doc. 1, ¶ III.B.1, p. 4) The court previously ruled that, because plaintiff sued defendant Schofield in his official capacity, plaintiff "can pursue only injunctive relief...." (Doc. 8, pp. 5-6) The record shows that plaintiff was transferred from SCCF to WTSP after he filed his complaint. A prisoner's transfer from the facility against which he seeks injunctive relief moots his request for such relief. See Colvin v. Caruso, 605 F.3d 282, 289 (6th Cir. 2010)(citing Kensu v. Haigh, 87 F.3d 172, 175 (6th Cir. 1996)). Because plaintiff is no longer incarcerated in SCCF, plaintiff fails to state a claim for injunctive relief against defendant Schofield.
The Magistrate Judge notes here that plaintiff's response to defendant Schofield's motion to dismiss is conspicuously absent from the docket. Reading the motion and the supporting memorandum shows that both were mailed to plaintiff at SCCF, a particularly egregious error inasmuch as plaintiff transferred from SCCF to WTSP 3-plus months before defendant Schofield filed his motion to dismiss, and inasmuch as the motion to dismiss is predicated upon that transfer. Given this error, it may well be that plaintiff did not respond to defendant Schofield's motion to dismiss because plaintiff was unaware that it was filed.
At first blush, equity would seem to demand giving plaintiff a chance to respond to defendant Schofield's motion to dismiss. However, providing plaintiff an opportunity to respond will not alter the fact that plaintiff is no longer at SCCF and, as such, his demand for injunctive relief is moot. In short, providing plaintiff an opportunity to respond would be an exercise in futility. Moreover, 18 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii) provides that where, as here, a plaintiff is proceeding in forma pauperis, "the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that... the action... fails to state a claim on which relief can be granted...." (Emphasis added) As explained above, plaintiff's transfer from SCCF to WTSP moots his demand for injunctive relief irrespective of whether defendant Schofield filed a motion to dismiss or not. Accordingly, the mandatory-dismissal provision of § 1915(e)(2)(B)(iii) provides independent grounds for dismissing this case against defendant Schofield.
For the reasons explained above, defendant Schofield's motion to dismiss (Doc. 111) should be granted, and the case ...