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State v. Perry

Court of Criminal Appeals of Tennessee, Nashville

June 5, 2015

STATE OF TENNESSEE
v.
WINDIE L. PERRY

Session Date: January 13, 2015

Appeal from the Circuit Court for Montgomery County No. 41100485 John H. Gasaway, III, Judge

Debra A. Wall (on appeal) and J. Runyon (at trial), Clarksville, Tennessee, for the appellant, Windie L. Perry.

Herbert H. Slatery III, Attorney General and Reporter; Leslie E. Price, Senior Counsel; John W. Carney, District Attorney General; and Kimberly Lund and John Finklea, Assistant District Attorneys General, for the appellee, State of Tennessee.

Robert L. Holloway, Jr., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Thomas T. Woodall, P.J., and Robert W. Wedemeyer, J., joined.

OPINION

ROBERT L. HOLLOWAY, JR., JUDGE

This case stems from the long-term abuse of two of the Defendant's adopted children, V.P. and G.P.[1] On May 2, 2011, the Montgomery County Grand Jury issued a 47-count indictment against the Defendant, charging her with multiple counts of rape of a child, aggravated rape, especially aggravated kidnapping, and aggravated child abuse.[2] Following a jury trial conducted January 17-27, 2012, the Defendant was found guilty of the following offenses:[3]

Count

Offense

Victim

Classification

1

Facilitation of Rape of a Child

G.P.

Class B felony

9

False Imprisonment

G.P.

Class B misdemeanor

13

Especially Aggravated Kidnapping

G.P.

Class A felony

15

Especially Aggravated Kidnapping

V.P.

Class A felony

17

False Imprisonment

G.P.

Class B misdemeanor

21

Reckless Endangerment

G.P.

Class A misdemeanor

22

Aggravated Child Abuse

V.P.

Class B felony

23

Aggravated Child Abuse

G.P.

Class B felony

27

Reckless Endangerment

G.P.

Class A misdemeanor

31

Reckless Endangerment

V.P.

Class A misdemeanor

36

Aggravated Assault

G.P.

Class C felony

37

Reckless Endangerment

V.P.

Class A misdemeanor

46

Reckless Endangerment

V.P.

Class A misdemeanor

47

Reckless Endangerment

G.P.

Class A misdemeanor

The trial court sentenced the Defendant, as a Range I standard offender, to a total effective sentence of 20 years in the Department of Correction. Thereafter, the Defendant filed a motion for new trial, which the trial court denied. This timely appeal followed.

I. Facts

State's Case-in-Chief

At trial, the Defendant's neighbor, Mary Taylor, testified that, in the early evening on March 18, 2008, she heard loud screaming outside her home. When Mrs. Taylor opened her front door, she saw two young girls. The older, taller girl was screaming and crying. She had on a boy's shirt, "some very shabby jeans, " and no shoes. The younger girl was trying to drag the older girl away from Mrs. Taylor's house. The older girl appeared terrified and asked Mrs. Taylor to help her. When she got to Mrs. Taylor's front porch, the younger girl ran towards the Defendant's home.

Mrs. Taylor noticed that the older girl, whom Mrs. Taylor later identified as the Defendant's 13-year-old daughter, V.P., had a large knot on her head that was bleeding and a swollen, bloody lip. Mrs. Taylor asked her husband to hand her the phone, and she called 911 while standing outside on the porch with V.P.

Moments later, the Defendant and her husband, Mr. Perry, arrived at Mrs. Taylor's residence. V.P. begged Mrs. Taylor, "Don't make me go back there[.]" Unsure of the situation, Mrs. Taylor placed V.P. behind her back. Mr. Perry told V.P. to come with him, but the girl began whimpering and cowering behind Mrs. Taylor. When V.P. would not leave with him, Mr. Perry accused Mrs. Taylor of kidnapping the child and threatened to have her arrested. The Defendant screamed at Mrs. Taylor that she needed to give back her daughter. Mrs. Taylor, who was still on the phone with the 911 dispatcher, informed the Defendant that she had called the police and that, when officers arrived, they could sort out the situation. When the Defendant began pulling on V.P.'s arm, Mrs. Taylor noticed that V.P.'s hand appeared to be broken and that V.P. was trying to protect her hand. V.P. told Mrs. Taylor that she did not want to go home, so Mrs. Taylor "body blocked" the Defendant and Mr. Perry until police arrived.

Once officers arrived, V.P. went inside Mrs. Taylor's home. Mrs. Taylor recalled that V.P. was happy and relieved to be inside. She appeared to be very hungry and ate two bowls of chicken and dumplings and an entire bag of goldfish crackers. Mrs. Taylor offered V.P. a popsicle, but V.P. was unable to hold it because her hand was so malformed. Mrs. Taylor testified that her thumb "looked totally out of joint, " and V.P. was unable to move it.

After eating, V.P. had to use the bathroom, but she could not get her pants off because they were tied with a cord that had been knotted tight. Eventually, an officer had to cut the cord so that V.P. could use the bathroom. Mrs. Taylor testified that V.P. was dirty, her hair was matted and unkempt, and she smelled very badly.

Officer Bruce Pettitt, with the Clarksville Police Department, testified that he responded to a disturbance call at Mrs. Taylor's home on March 18, 2008. When he arrived, Officer Pettitt saw Mrs. Taylor standing on the porch of her house with V.P. behind her. The Defendant was in the yard yelling at Mrs. Taylor and V.P. Mr. Perry and several other children were standing in the yard behind the Defendant. Officer Pettitt separated the parties and took Mrs. Taylor and V.P. into Mrs. Taylor's house. While talking to V.P., Officer Pettitt noticed that she had a small amount of blood on her mouth. She also had a laceration on her head, some puncture wounds on her hands, and "what looked like old wounds on her ankles that were consistent with . . . ligature marks." V.P. also appeared small for her age. She looked "dishevelled" and smelled badly.

After his initial interview with V.P., Officer Pettitt went outside to speak to the Defendant. When he asked the Defendant how V.P. received her injuries, the Defendant gave multiple stories. Initially, the Defendant said that V.P. got the cut on her head and blood on her mouth when she had fallen down while running away from the house. The Defendant then told Officer Pettitt that V.P. had inflicted the wounds on herself. The last story from the Defendant was that V.P. received the injuries while fighting with her 11-year-old sister.

At one point, Officer Pettitt accompanied the Defendant back to her house to look for some medication. Once inside the Defendant's residence, Officer Pettitt could smell "the very strong odor" of dog excrement and urine and noticed that clothes were piled everywhere. Officer Pettitt testified that the house was in such a state that he found it difficult to believe anyone actually lived there.

Officer Heather Hill of the Clarksville Police Department testified that she responded to Mrs. Taylor's residence to assist Officer Pettitt. Officer Hill sat with V.P. at Mrs. Taylor's kitchen table while V.P. ate goldfish crackers and drank a soft drink. V.P. was very timid and shy and did not want to make eye contact with Officer Hill. V.P. seemed to be very hungry and was focused on eating.

Officer Hill recalled that V.P. had on boy's jeans, which were tied with a string. She also wore a boy's short sleeve button down shirt and a red undershirt but no undergarments. V.P. had a bloody lip and blood on her shirt. Officer Hill noticed that V.P. had an open wound to the top of her head and marks on her arms. Officer Hill photographed scars and marks that she found on V.P.'s wrists, hands, back, legs, feet, and ankles. V.P. told Officer Hill that she had been abused by the Perrys and had been "previously made to sleep in dog kennels."

Officer Hill next spoke to V.P.'s 11-year-old sister, G.P., and noticed multiple injuries, which she photographed. Officer Hill noted that G.P. was unclean and, like V.P., was dressed differently from the rest of the Defendant's children. Officer Hill went to Gateway Medical Center ("Gateway Medical") with V.P. and G.P. At the hospital, both girls ate a lot of food, including several sandwiches, bags of chips, milk, and cookies. Officer Hill testified that she was in the emergency room with G.P. when G.P. told doctors that the marks on her body were from V.P. G.P. claimed that V.P. was "mentally retarded" and beat her up all of the time. When doctors asked G.P. how she got the ligature marks on her wrists and ankles, she claimed that she "tied herself up with a rope." G.P. also stated that V.P. ran away because V.P. wanted to be reunited with their older, biological sister who was not adopted by the Defendant.

Sergeant Donnie Robbins of the Clarksville Police Department testified that he also responded to the scene at Mrs. Taylor's residence on March 18, 2008. When he arrived, he saw the Defendant, Mr. Perry, and some children sitting inside a truck in front of Mrs. Taylor's home. Sergeant Robbins spoke with the Defendant and Mr. Perry briefly and then went inside Mrs. Taylor's residence. Sergeant Robbins saw V.P. sitting at a table. She was bleeding from the lip and had blood coming from the back of her head. Sergeant Robbins also noticed that V.P.'s left hand was severely deformed and she had ligature marks around her wrists and ankles. After speaking with V.P., Sergeant Robbins contacted a detective.

The Defendant and Mr. Perry gave Sergeant Robbins consent to search their home. Inside, the residence was in "total disarray, filthy, [and] smelled of urine and feces." Sergeant Robbins noticed a spatula, rolling pin, and white rope inside the residence, but another officer collected those items.

Susan Coghill, a paramedic with the Montgomery County Emergency Medical Services, testified that she treated V.P. after responding to Mrs. Taylor's residence. Ms. Coghill recalled that V.P. was very thin, wore dirty clothes, and had poor hygiene. V.P. complained of abdominal pain and head pain, and she said that her left hand was hurting. Ms. Coghill saw two burns on the back of V.P.'s head–one with the hair "sort of matted over it" and another with "white flesh showing and the hair missing." V.P. told Ms. Coghill that the Defendant had burned her head while fixing her hair. V.P. explained that she had been hit in the head on the same place as the burn earlier that day.

V.P. had a lot of bruising to the face, neck, knees and around both ankles and swelling to the tops of her feet. Ms. Coghill noted that the bruises appeared to be in various stages of healing. V.P. also had puncture marks between the webbing of her fingers on both hands. Additionally, V.P. had burns around her wrists, a burn to her left arm and left ear, and a swollen left hand. Regarding her hand, V.P. could only move two fingers and complained about "how bad it hurt."

Dr. Robert Paasche, an emergency room physician at Gateway Medical, testified that he treated V.P. and G.P. on March 18, 2008. After obtaining a medical history from both girls, Dr. Paasche examined them. Dr. Paasche observed multiple injuries to V.P. She had a linear burn through her hair on her scalp, which she stated was caused by a curling iron. V.P. had multiple contusions and abrasions on her face, some of which appeared to be several days old. Dr. Paasche noticed linear bruising up and down her neck and multiple bruises to her lower abdominal wall in various stages of healing.

V.P. told Dr. Paasche that she had been hit in the head and on her hand with a rolling pin, and she complained about having a lot of pain in her left thumb. Dr. Paasche noted that V.P.'s left hand had "quite a bit of deformity and swelling around the left thumb[.]" After x-rays were taken, Dr. Paasche discovered that the injury was a "very significant fracture" and dislocation of the thumb. Dr. Paasche did not believe that such an injury could be self-inflicted. V.P. also said that she had jumper cables applied to her hands, and Dr. Paasche saw injuries to her hands that were consistent with V.P.'s explanation. She also had bruising all across her knuckles that appeared to be "recurrent, repeated injury . . . like somebody's been hitting her on the knuckles."

Dr. Paasche testified that V.P. had a large area of bruising on her knees and legs, which looked like she had been forced to kneel or thrown to her knees several times. V.P.'s bottom was "essentially . . . one big bruise across her entire buttocks." Dr. Paasche stated that it looked like multiple, recurrent injuries, which had caused soft tissue damage. V.P. indicated that she had been whipped and beaten with different objects, and Dr. Paasche testified that the injuries to her bottom could have been caused by a hand, belt, or some other object. V.P. also had linear abrasions and contusions around her ankles. Her feet were swollen and painful, and it appeared that circulation had been cut off to her feet. Dr. Paasche testified that these injuries were consistent with V.P.'s account of having been repeatedly tied down by the arms and ankles.

Dr. Paasche recalled that V.P. was calm as she described the abuse she had suffered. Based upon her demeanor, Dr. Paasche believed that V.P. had been experiencing a severe amount of pain for a long time and that she had become emotionally detached such that she was able to calmly discuss what had happened to her.

Dr. Paasche also treated G.P. During his examination, Dr. Paasche noted that the girl was malnourished and small for her age. G.P.'s lips were swollen, and she had multiple contusions and abrasions about her head and face in various stages of healing. When asked about a bruise to her forehead that appeared new, G.P. said that she had fallen earlier that day. Dr. Paasche testified that the marks on G.P.'s lips were consistent with having had jumper cables clamped onto her mouth.

Dr. Paasche recalled that G.P. had many areas of healing lacerations, abrasions, and bruising on her arms. She also had linear bruises around her wrists and arms that were consistent with something being tied very tightly around them. Additionally, Dr. Paasche noticed bruises along G.P.'s abdomen in various stages of healing and that she had a "large continuous area of bruising across her entire butt, which appeared to be related to repeated, recurrent trauma." Like her sister, G.P. had deep bruises on her knees and linear bruises around her ankles that were consistent with ligature marks. Dr. Paasche described pinpoint wounds on G.P.'s thighs, which he stated were consistent with having been caused by a staple gun. G.P. also had damage to the inside of both cheeks. Dr. Paasche testified that these injuries were from something pushing the inside of her mouth against her teeth, such as being slapped in the face repeatedly. G.P. also had a completely severed frenulum[4] under her tongue, which Dr. Paasche described as a "hallmark sign of abuse." The injury to G.P.'s frenulum was consistent with having pliers pull at or yank on the tissue. These findings made Dr. Paasche concerned that G.P. had been suffering from severe abuse. He stated, "These are not normal childhood bumps and falls." Moreover, the injuries did not appear to be self-inflicted.

Dr. Laurie Harris-Ford, a pediatrician working at Gateway Medical, was called to the emergency room to see V.P. Dr. Harris-Ford conducted a physical exam, took a medical history, and wrote orders to admit V.P. to the hospital so that she could be observed overnight. Dr. Harris-Ford learned that V.P., who was 13 years old, was placed in the Defendant's home at age nine and began being abused by the Defendant around age 11. V.P. said that, earlier that day, the Defendant hit her on the head and on the left hand with a rolling pin. Dr. Harris-Ford noted that V.P. had a fractured and dislocated thumb and a contusion to the back of her skull. The girl also had multiple marks, bruises, and scars all over her body, including ligature marks around both ankles and wrists.

Dr. Harris-Ford testified that the injury to V.P.'s left thumb was consistent with someone bending back her thumb. The contusion to V.P.'s head was consistent with someone hitting her in the head with a rolling pin. Dr. Harris-Ford testified that bruises on V.P.'s fingertips were consistent with having jumper cables placed on them. Dr. Harris-Ford diagnosed V.P. as suffering from "acute abuse, " a contusion to the head, and a dislocated thumb. The doctor saw no signs that V.P. was mentally retarded.

Seventeen-year-old V.P. testified that, in March 2008, she lived with her adoptive parents–the Defendant and Mr. Perry–and her siblings.[5] V.P. recalled that she went to public school before she was adopted by the Defendant. After her adoption, the Defendant home-schooled V.P. and her siblings. V.P. explained, however, that she and G.P. were often singled out and treated differently from the rest of the Defendant's children. Many times, the Defendant made V.P. and G.P. clean the house instead of teaching them, and on one occasion, V.P. told the Defendant that the only reason she adopted them was so that they could be her "Merry Maids."

According to V.P., the Defendant was the "boss" in their house, but both the Defendant and Elizabeth would punish V.P. and G.P. V.P. explained that she was usually punished for not cleaning fast enough and for wetting the bed. As punishment for these offenses, the Defendant and Elizabeth would beat her with various items, including a red rubber hose, a baseball bat, metal poles from a closet organizer, and spatulas. The Defendant and Elizabeth also hit V.P.'s fingers, toes, knees, and elbows with a hammer if she did not clean quickly enough. V.P. explained that she would get blood clots under her fingernails from being hit with the hammer. On other occasions, the Defendant and Elizabeth used jumper cables on V.P. as punishment. V.P. testified that they would put jumper cables on her fingers, toes, lips, and breasts. The jumper cables created blisters, and they hurt a lot. When V.P. would cry, the Defendant would put the jumper cables on her lips to stop her from crying.

V.P. recalled that, one day, when she was working in the yard, the Defendant accused her of trying to tear up the Defendant's plants. The Defendant told V.P. that, since V.P. did not want to work, she would put clothes pins on V.P. The Defendant then applied clothes pins to V.P.'s lips, eye lids, ears, fingers, toes, legs, breasts, and vagina. The Defendant made V.P. leave the clothes pins in place until the rest of the family had finished the yard work. V.P. recalled that the clothes pins hurt and made bruises all over her body.

On another occasion, the Defendant and Elizabeth bent back V.P.'s fingers as punishment for not cleaning properly. When they pulled back on her thumb, her thumb broke. V.P. testified that it "hurt really, really bad" and she could not use her hand afterwards.

While living with the Defendant, V.P. and G.P. were locked in dog kennels by the Defendant and Elizabeth for long periods of time. V.P. explained that she would be "bunched up" in the kennel with her knees to her chest and she had to sleep inside the kennel in that position. Additionally, because there was a lock on the kennel and she could not get out, V.P. would often use the bathroom on herself. One time, in order to clean out the kennel, the Defendant put it into a bathtub full of hot water while V.P. was still inside the kennel. V.P. testified that she held onto the top of the metal cage, trying to lift herself out of the hot water. The Defendant then poured boiling water from a tea pot onto V.P.'s hands. This caused V.P. to let go of the kennel and fall into the scalding water. Afterwards, the Defendant and Elizabeth put Aloe Vera and Vaseline on her bottom. V.P. testified that her injuries "hurt really bad" for a period of time. The skin on her bottom was red and peeled off, leaving a scar.

The Defendant and Elizabeth also restrained V.P. and G.P. by tying them to cots for long periods of time. V.P. recalled that the first time she was tied to a cot occurred prior to her thirteenth birthday. V.P. explained that sometimes they were made to lay on their backs, and sometimes they were placed on their stomachs. The Defendant placed handcuffs or rope around her hands and feet and used ropes and chains around the rest of her body. The ropes left ligature marks around V.P.'s wrists and ankles. The Defendant bound V.P. and G.P. together, connecting their ankles with handcuffs. After the ropes and handcuffs were on, the Defendant and Elizabeth would wrap a chain around V.P. and G.P. and put a lock on it. V.P. testified that she did not want to be tied down to the cot and she only got onto the cot so that she would not get into trouble. When she was tied to the cot, V.P. could not get up or move.

V.P. testified that the Defendant often withheld food from her and G.P. She estimated that the longest she and G.P. went without food was "three to five days." During that time, the Defendant would give them "a big cup of water and a piece of bread or a big cup of water and a vitamin." After not eating, V.P. felt weak and "very hungry." She did not feel healthy, and the lack of food made it hard for her to clean.

V.P. explained that she witnessed many of G.P.'s punishments. She recalled that the Defendant and Elizabeth would tie up G.P. and beat her. During one beating, the Defendant duct taped G.P.'s feet together and her hands behind her back. She then put duct tape around G.P.'s face to stop her from screaming. As the Defendant and Elizabeth beat G.P. with a red rubber hose and a bat, G.P. stopped moving and breathing. The Defendant cut off the duct tape with a pair of scissors and told V.P. and Elizabeth to throw cold water on G.P.'s face. When they did, G.P. woke up and began breathing. The Defendant then instructed V.P. and Elizabeth to take G.P. upstairs and put her into a cold bath. The Defendant poured cold water on G.P.'s face and asked her if she was okay.

V.P. described another punishment G.P. suffered after G.P. urinated on herself while tied to a cot. The Defendant made V.P. hold down G.P.'s arms and legs. The Defendant then stuck a broomstick into G.P.'s vagina.

V.P. recalled that the only time she left the Defendant's home was to go to church and to clean the yard. When she went to church, she would wear turtlenecks and long sleeves to cover up scars on her body. V.P. testified that she never told anyone at church about the abuse because "they were [the Defendant's] friends and I never think nobody [sic] would believe me." V.P. denied ever taking swimming lessons or going to the YMCA after her adoption. Between the time of her adoption and the day she ran away, V.P. was never taken to see a doctor for her injuries.

V.P. testified that she decided to run away on March 18, 2008, because she thought that she and G.P. were going to die. On that day, V.P. was helping the Defendant in the kitchen when the Defendant said that V.P. was not doing something properly. The Defendant then hit her in the mouth with a spatula and in the head with a rolling pin. The rolling pin opened up a sore on the top of V.P.'s head, which had been caused days before by the Defendant's applying a flat iron to V.P.'s scalp. When the Defendant put V.P. out on the porch, V.P. told G.P. that she was going to run away. V.P. ran to the end of the street, yelling for help, and Mrs. Taylor came out on her front porch. V.P. testified that she got behind Mrs. Taylor on the porch when the Defendant, Mr. Perry, and the other children pulled up in a truck. When the police arrived at Mrs. Taylor's, V.P. told them about the Defendant's abuse.

G.P., who was 15 years old at the time of trial, testified that she was adopted by the Defendant and Mr. Perry in July 2004 when she was nine years old. G.P. described the first few years with the Defendant as "good" and "normal." She went shopping, out to eat, and to church with the family.

In the two years leading up to March 18, 2008, however, things became "rough" for G.P. in the Defendant's home. G.P. explained that the Defendant and Elizabeth began hitting her with various implements. As punishment for not cleaning fast enough, the Defendant and Elizabeth would hit G.P. with belts, ropes, bats, hammers, a metal pole, chains, and a red rubber hose. Sometimes the beatings would leave marks.

G.P. recalled a specific time when the Defendant hit her with a bat. G.P. had been in the living room folding clothes when Elizabeth said that she was not folding a shirt correctly. The Defendant came into the room with a bat and hit G.P. in the head with it. Another time, the Defendant hit G.P. with an ax, causing her arm to bleed. The Defendant would also purposely burned G.P.'s scalp with a flat iron while fixing her hair. G.P. explained that the Defendant would leave the flat iron on her head "until she felt like taking it off." On another occasion, the Defendant was angry that G.P. was crying too loudly. She took a pair of pliers and put them under G.P.'s tongue, cutting the piece of skin there.

When shown police photographs of her back and neck, G.P. identified injuries that resulted from being hit with the red hose and a belt. G.P. identified a photograph of her legs and ankles and explained that the marks on her legs were from belts, the red hose, and extension cords. The bruises on her knees were caused by the Defendant's hitting her knees with a hammer. G.P. also identified bruises on her legs that were caused by a staple gun. She explained that the Defendant would put staples into her legs and then force her to pull them back out.

G.P. explained that she was not given a lot to eat while living with the Defendant and that sometimes the rest of the family would eat while she was locked downstairs in a dog kennel. G.P. specifically recalled that, on Thanksgiving Day one year, she was tied to a cot along with V.P. and they did not get to eat with the rest of the family. G.P. stated that the longest she went without food was five days. When she would tell the Defendant that she was hungry, the Defendant would not give her anything to eat. She felt weak when the Defendant withheld food.

G.P. testified that many nights she was made to sleep in a black metal dog kennel or a blue plastic kennel with V.P. When the Defendant and Elizabeth would lock the girls into the kennels, sometimes G.P. had on clothes and sometimes she was naked. She had to sit with her knees against the metal and legs bent into her chest. G.P. explained that she and V.P. could not get out of the dog kennels and often had to use the bathroom on themselves. G.P. testified that she and V.P. never put each other in the kennels "for fun." Many times when the rest of the family went to church, they were locked in a kennel in the basement, and they were sometimes left in a kennel for days.

At other times, the Defendant and Elizabeth tied G.P. to a cot by placing metal handcuffs on her wrists and ankles and wrapping a chain around her body. G.P. testified that she would get onto the cot to be tied down because she was afraid of the Defendant and Elizabeth. On many of these occasions, G.P. urinated and defecated on herself because she could not get up to go to the bathroom. G.P. recalled a specific instance when the Defendant stated that she was "tired of [G.P.] peeing on [herself]." After this pronouncement, the Defendant took off all of G.P.'s clothing and instructed Elizabeth and V.P. to hold down G.P.'s arms and legs. The Defendant then stuck a metal broomstick inside G.P.'s vagina. G.P. testified that it felt "[h]orrible" and that she bled from her vagina afterwards. Because she was bleeding, the Defendant instructed her to sit on an orange mop bucket.

G.P. described a second incident in which the Defendant punished her for urinating on herself. G.P. explained that she was again held down by Elizabeth and V.P. and the Defendant put the broomstick in her vagina. She did not bleed after this second incident. G.P. testified that the third time the Defendant used the broomstick on her occurred in the upstairs hallway. Elizabeth and V.P. held G.P. down, and the Defendant inserted the broomstick into her vagina. The Defendant instructed Elizabeth and V.P. to turn G.P. over onto her stomach, and the broomstick was inserted into G.P.'s bottom. G.P. testified that it felt "awful." She screamed and tried to get away during these events.

G.P. recalled the Defendant and Elizabeth also tied her and V.P. to chairs that were placed back to back. Because she was tied to the chair with ropes, chains, and handcuffs, G.P. was unable to get up to use the bathroom and had to use the bathroom on herself. G.P. identified a key found inside the Defendant's home as being a key to the handcuffs that had been used on her. The Defendant and Elizabeth also forced G.P. and V.P. into a ...


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