United States District Court, M.D. Tennessee, Nashville Division
A.TRAUGER U.S. District Judge.
before the court are the Petitioner's pro se
Motion Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 To Vacate, Set Aside, Or
Correct Sentence (Docket No. 1) and supporting briefs (Docket
Nos. 7, 8, 14, 33); an Amended Motion To Vacate, Set Aside,
Or Correct Sentence (Docket No. 39), filed by counsel for the
Petitioner; and the Government's Responses (Docket No.
Order entered December 7, 2016 (Docket No. 46), now-retired
Judge John T. Nixon ordered that this case be held in
abeyance pending the Supreme Court's decision in
Beckles v. United States, 136 S.Ct. 2510 (2016).
This case was subsequently randomly reassigned to the
undersigned Judge. The Supreme Court issued its decision in
Beckles v. United States, U.S. ___, 137 S.Ct. 886,
891, 197 L.Ed.2d 145 (2017) on March 6, 2017. Thus, the
Petitioner's claims are ripe for decision.
reasons set forth herein, the Motion Under 28 U.S.C. §
2255 To Vacate, Set Aside, Or Correct Sentence (Docket No. 1)
and the Amended Motion To Vacate, Set Aside, Or Correct
Sentence (Docket No. 39) are DENIED, and this action is
Petitioner pled guilty to being a convicted felon in
possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C.
§§ 922(g)(1) and 924; possession with intent to
distribute cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §
841(a)(1); and possession with intent to distribute
marijuana, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1).
(Docket Nos. 19, 20, 33 in Case No. 3:12cr00180). Through
their Plea Agreement, the Government and the Petitioner
agreed to a total sentence of 64 months of imprisonment and
the Petitioner acknowledged that he had a prior October 15,
2009 conviction for Evading Arrest in Hardin County,
Tennessee, Case #8999. (Id.) At the subsequent
sentencing hearing, on June 17, 2013, Judge Nixon imposed the
agreed 64-month sentence. (Docket Nos. 27, 28, 29, 31, 32 in
Case No. 3:12cr00180). The record indicates that no appeal
28 U.S.C. § 2255
Petitioner has brought this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 2255. Section 2255 provides a statutory mechanism for
challenging the imposition of a federal sentence:
A prisoner in custody under sentence of a court established
by Act of Congress claiming the right to be released upon the
ground that the sentence was imposed in violation of the
Constitution or laws of the United States, or that the court
was without jurisdiction to impose such sentence, or that the
sentence was in excess of the maximum authorized by law, or
is otherwise subject to collateral attack, may move the court
which imposed the sentence to vacate, set aside or correct
28 U.S.C. § 2255(a). In order to obtain relief under
Section 2255, a petitioner “‘ must demonstrate
the existence of an error of constitutional magnitude which
had a substantial and injurious effect or influence on the
guilty plea or the jury's verdict.'”
Humphress v. United States, 398 F.3d 855, 858 (6th
Cir. 2005)(quoting Griffin v. United States, 330
F.3d 733, 736 (6th Cir. 2003)).
factual dispute arises in a § 2255 proceeding, the court
is to hold an evidentiary hearing to resolve the dispute.
Ray v. United States, 721 F.3d 758, 761 (6th Cir.
2013). An evidentiary hearing is not required, however, if
the record conclusively shows that the petitioner is not
entitled to relief. 28 U.S.C. § 2255(b); Ray,
721 F.3d at 761; Arredondo v. United States, 178
F.3d 778, 782 (6th Cir. 1999). A hearing is also
unnecessary “if the petitioner's allegations
‘cannot be accepted as true because they are
contradicted by the record, inherently incredible, or
conclusions rather than statements of fact.'”
reviewed the pleadings, briefs, and records filed in the
Petitioner's underlying criminal case, as well as the
filings in this case, the court finds it unnecessary to hold
an evidentiary hearing because the records conclusively