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State v. Krauss

Court of Criminal Appeals of Tennessee, Knoxville

November 9, 2017

STATE OF TENNESSEE
v.
CHARLES TIMOTHY KRAUSS, ALIAS

          Assigned on Briefs July 25, 2017

         Appeal from the Criminal Court for Knox County No. 107838 Bob R. McGee, Judge.

         The Defendant, Charles Timothy Krauss, alias, pled guilty to two counts of theft of property valued at $10, 000 or more but less than $60, 000 and received a total effective sentence of ten years as a Range III, persistent offender. He applied for but was denied probation. Additionally, the trial court denied his request for pretrial jail credits for the time he had spent in confinement in Mississippi. He filed a Tennessee Rule of Criminal Procedure 33 motion requesting jail credits for the period from January 9, 2013, to February 9, 2016. According to the Defendant, he was entitled to the credits because he had requested, pursuant to the Interstate Compact on Detainers, that he be transferred to Tennessee to answer to the Knox County charges. The trial court denied the motion, and we affirm that denial.

         Tenn. R. App. 3 Appeal as of Right; Judgment of the Criminal Court Affirmed

          Mark E. Stephens, District Public Defender; and Jonathan P. Harwell (on appeal) and Christy A. Murray (at hearing), Assistant Public Defenders, for the appellant, Charles Timothy Krauss, alias.

          Herbert H. Slatery III, Attorney General and Reporter; Katherine C. Redding, Assistant Attorney General; Charme P. Allen, District Attorney General; and Sarah W. Keith, Assistant District Attorney General, for the appellee, State of Tennessee.

          Alan E. Glenn, J., delivered the opinion of the court, in which Robert H. Montgomery, Jr., and J. Ross Dyer, JJ., joined.

          OPINION

          ALAN E. GLENN, JUDGE.

         FACTS

         On July 27, 2016, the Defendant filed a motion pursuant to Tennessee Rule of Criminal Procedure 33 asking that he be awarded jail credits for the time he was incarcerated in Mississippi for a conviction in that state before being returned to Tennessee for resolution of the pending charges in Knox County. He argued in that motion that he was entitled to the credits because, while in custody in Mississippi, he had requested that he be returned to Tennessee, which did not occur, and that this delay had "affected the service of his sentence in Mississippi as well as his eligibility for release." Accordingly, in his view, the "time spent in Mississippi therefore was related to the conviction in [his Tennessee] case."

         ANALYSIS

         Tennessee Code Annotated section 40-23-101(c) sets out when a defendant is to be allowed jail credits:

The trial court shall, at the time the sentence is imposed and the defendant is committed to jail, the workhouse or the state penitentiary for imprisonment, render the judgment of the court so as to allow the defendant credit on the sentence for any period of time for which the defendant was committed and held in the city jail or juvenile court detention prior to waiver of juvenile court jurisdiction, or county jail or workhouse, pending arraignment and trial. The defendant shall also receive credit on the sentence for the time served in the jail, workhouse or penitentiary subsequent to any conviction arising out of the original offense for which the defendant was tried.

         Following the arguments of counsel regarding the Defendant's motion, the ...


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