Assigned on Briefs March 1, 2018
from the Circuit Court for Jefferson County No. 25015 Ben W.
Hooper, II, Judge
Appellant's son violated an order of protection entered
against him, Appellant sought relief from the trial court.
Although the trial court ruled on some of the issues raised
by Appellant, not all of her claims were adjudicated. We
therefore dismiss the appeal due to the absence of a final
R. App. P. 3 Appeal as of Right; Appeal Dismissed
Elizabeth R. McClellan, Johnson City, Tennessee, for the
appellant, Toniann Whitaker.
B. Devereaux, appellee. 
B. Goldin, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which
Andy D. Bennett and Thomas R. Frierson, II, JJ., joined.
MEMORANDUM OPINION 
B. GOLDIN, JUDGE
BACKGROUND AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
January 2017, the Appellant Toniann Whitaker ("Ms.
Whitaker") petitioned the Jefferson County Circuit Court
for an order of protection against her son, James Devereaux
("Mr. Devereaux"). A temporary order of protection
was entered following the filing of the petition, and a
hearing was set for February 13, 2017. That hearing date was
later continued to March of the same year. On March 6, 2017,
the trial court entered an order of protection against Mr.
Devereaux, finding, among other things, that he had
"Abused/Threatened to Abuse" Ms. Whitaker. The
present litigation soon followed.
4, 2017, Ms. Whitaker filed a "motion" for contempt
against Mr. Devereaux alleging that he had violated the
temporary order of protection, as well as the
"permanent" order of protection entered following the
March hearing. The petition chronicled alleged incidents in
which Mr. Devereaux had contacted Ms. Whitaker via Facebook
and also detailed an alleged incident in which Mr. Devereaux
had made "direct contact" by driving near her
property. In addition to requesting that Mr. Devereaux be
found in contempt, Ms. Whitaker prayed that the trial court
would extend the order of protection, that it would find Mr.
Devereaux guilty of a Class A misdemeanor offense, that it
would order Mr. Devereaux to pay costs and attorney's
fees pursuant to Tennessee Code Annotated section 36-3-617,
and that it would require Mr. Devereaux to pay the bond
mandated by Tennessee Code Annotated section 36-3-610(b).
Under this latter statute, a judge "shall require"
a bond of not less than $2, 500 upon finding that an order of
protection has been violated. See Tenn. Code Ann.
a hearing on August 14, 2017, the trial court entered an
order resolving some of Ms. Whitaker's claims. Although
the trial court found Mr. Devereaux guilty of three counts of
criminal contempt, it declined to impose the bond mandated by
Tennessee Code Annotated section 36-3-610(b) and also
declined Ms. Whitaker's request to extend the order of
protection. This appeal followed.
Ms. Whitaker's appellate brief presents a number of
issues for our review, Rule 13(b) of the Tennessee Rules of
Appellate Procedure mandates that we first consider whether
we have jurisdiction over the subject matter of the case.
Tenn. R. App. P. 13(b); Person v. Kindred Healthcare,
Inc., No. W2009-01918-COA-R3-CV, 2010 WL 1838014, at *2
(Tenn. Ct. App. May 7, 2010). In connection with this duty,
we are required to consider whether the order appealed from
is a final judgment. Indeed, it is well-settled law that,
"[u]nless an appeal from an interlocutory order is
provided by the rules or by statute, appellate courts have
jurisdiction over final judgments only." Bayberry
Assocs. v. Jones, 783 S.W.2d 553, 559 (Tenn. 1990)
(citation omitted); see also In re Estate of
Henderson, 121 S.W.3d 643, 645 (Tenn. 2003) (noting that
an appeal as of right may be taken only after the entry of a
final judgment). A final judgment is one that completely
defines the parties' rights and leaves nothing else for