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Baylor v. Yes Management, LLC

United States District Court, E.D. Tennessee, Knoxville

June 6, 2019

CHRISTOPHER BAYLOR, Plaintiff,
v.
YES MANAGEMENT, LLC et al., Defendants.

          Debra C. Poplin Magistrate Judge.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          TRAVIS R. MCDONOUGH UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Before the Court are Defendants' motion to dismiss pursuant to Rule 37(b)(2)(A)(v) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (Doc. 43) and Defendants' second motion to compel discovery (Doc. 45). For the following reasons, Defendants' motion to dismiss (Doc. 43) will be DENIED and Defendants' motion to compel (Doc. 45) will be DENIED IN PART AS MOOT and REFERRED IN PART to United States Magistrate Judge Debra C. Poplin.

         I. BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff filed this housing-discrimination action on February 5, 2018. (Doc. 1.) The Court originally set it for trial on March 11, 2019. (Doc. 20.) In August 2018, the Court granted the parties' joint motion to move the trial date to September 9, 2019, due to “delays with discovery.” (Doc. 22, at 1; Doc. 23.) Soon after, Plaintiff's previous counsel withdrew, and Plaintiff has been proceeding pro se since October 16, 2018. (Doc 25.) When his counsel withdrew, Plaintiff moved for an indefinite extension of time to find new counsel, which the Court denied because there were no approaching deadlines. (Doc. 26, at 2; Doc. 28.) In its order denying that motion, the Court noted:

[T]he earliest deadline in this case is March 4, 2019. (Doc. 23.) As noted in the Court's order allowing Attorney Friauf to withdraw, “written discovery has been substantially completed by both parties and . . . there is ample time to complete discovery by the deadline[.]” (Doc. 25, at 1.) The trial is set for September 19, 2019, and are no other pending motions. (Id.; Doc. 23.)

(Doc. 28.)

         Afterwards, several of the documents the Clerk mailed to Plaintiff were returned as undeliverable (Docs. 29-31), indicating that Plaintiff had failed to update his address in accordance with Local Rule 83.13. (See Doc. 27.) Plaintiff blamed this failure on his previous counsel, accusing him of purposefully providing the Court “with an inaccurate mailing address, so subsequent notices would not be timely received, causing undue delay and prejudice to Plaintiff.” (Doc. 50, at 2.) Plaintiff updated his address on November 13, 2018 and appears to now be receiving notice of filings. (Doc. 33.)

         On December 14, 2018, United States Magistrate Judge Debra C. Poplin granted in part Defendants' motion to compel discovery and ordered Plaintiff to respond by December 28, 2018 to Defendants' First Set of Interrogatories and Requests for Production of Documents (“Discovery Requests”), which Defendants served upon him in June 2018. (Doc. 34; Doc. 21, at 2.) Magistrate Judge Poplin “admonishe[d] Plaintiff . . . that the failure to respond to Defendants' Discovery Requests in a timely manner may warrant sanctions, up to and including dismissal of this case.” (Doc. 34 (citing Fed.R.Civ.P. 37(b)(2)).) When Plaintiff did not comply with Magistrate Judge Poplin's order by responding to the Discovery Requests, Defendants filed their first motion to dismiss on January 3, 2019. (Doc. 35.) Defendants cited Plaintiff's failure to respond to their Discovery Requests and to obey the Court's December 14, 2018 discovery order as grounds for dismissal pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37(b)(2)(A)(v). (Id.)

         Plaintiff responded only by filing a motion to stay the proceedings. (Docs. 36, 37 (duplicate filings).) This motion, like his previous motion to stay proceedings (Doc. 26), states that Plaintiff has been prejudiced by his counsel's withdrawal and argues that Plaintiff will be harmed absent a stay “until legal counsel is retained . . . .” (Doc. 37, at 2.) The Court again denied Plaintiff's motion for a stay of proceedings but allowed Plaintiff until February 28, 2019 to respond to Defendants' First Set of Interrogatories and Requests for Production of Documents. (Doc. 38, at 2.) The Court warned Plaintiff that “failure to file [a notice of compliance] will result in the Court's immediate consideration of Defendants' outstanding motion to dismiss and/or dismissal under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41.” (Id.) On February 27, 2019, when Plaintiff filed his notice and responses to Defendants' Discovery Requests, it appeared he had complied with the Court's January 15, 2019 order. (Doc. 39.) Accordingly, the Court denied Defendants' motion to dismiss. (Doc. 40.)

         A week later, Defendants filed a motion to extend all deadlines and continue the trial date. (Doc. 41.) Defendants represented that more time was needed to complete discovery because, “[s]ince Plaintiff's counsel withdrew, there have been no communications with the Plaintiff about discovery responses until the responses were filed with this Court on February 28, 2019. Counsel for Defendants has received no documents despite the fact that the responses indicate documents are being produced.” (Id. at 2.)

         On March 14, 2019, the Court convened a telephonic status conference, for which Plaintiff failed to appear without good cause, although Plaintiff had agreed upon the date and time. Defendants' counsel participated in the conference and stated that she sent Plaintiff a letter on March 13, 2019, detailing discovery deficiencies and providing him an opportunity to cure those deficiencies. (See Doc. 43-1, at 3-4 (Defendants' counsel's letter to Plaintiff).) Because there was still time to complete discovery prior to the deadlines for the final witness list and the close of discovery, both in April, the Court denied Defendants' motion to continue the deadlines and trial date. (Doc. 42.) The Court, however, “remind[ed] the parties of their obligation to comply in good faith with discovery requests and urge[d] the parties to file any necessary motions to compel discovery or for sanctions prior to the relevant deadline.” (Id. at 2.)

         Four days after the telephonic status conference, Plaintiff responded with an e-mail addressing some of Defendants' claims of deficiencies and inaccuracies. (Doc. 43-1, at 5.) For example, he stated he did not have to list his private e-mail address in response to an interrogatory. (Id.) Defendants' counsel replied with an additional deficiency, specifically Plaintiff's failure to list his current litigation with his wife in his interrogatory responses. (Id. at 7.) Plaintiff responded, in part, “You can file a motion to compel, since I object to including any issues with my family in a suit that is none of your business.” (Id.)

         On April 5, 2019, Defendants filed a second motion to compel discovery (Doc. 45), a second motion to dismiss based on Plaintiff's failure to properly respond to discovery requests served upon him in June 2018 (Doc. 43), and a second motion to extend all deadlines in the amended scheduling order and continue the trial date (Doc. 44). Defendants' counsel averred that she still had not received any documents, even though Plaintiff indicated on February 27, 2019, in his interrogatory responses, that he would provide them. (Doc. 43-1, at 1.) Defendants' motion to compel lists a number of allegedly inaccurate interrogatory responses, as well as the types ...


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